Do Motherboards Have Integrated Graphics?

Most motherboards these days come with GPUs integrated into the motherboard or even the CPU itself. For decades now, it’s been common for motherboard manufacturers to include a serviceable (albeit not particularly powerful) GPU built right into the chipset of the motherboard–no extra hardware required. Buy a motherboard, get a simple built-in GPU that can produce an image on your display. Within the last six years or so, that integrated GPU has been integrated into the CPU instead.

Integrated Graphics (sometimes called integrated graphics processing unit or IGPU) is the combination of the graphics accelerator together with its memory, controller logic and sometimes also other parts of a graphic subsystem. The performance of modern integrated graphics is low compared to that for an external graphics card.

Motherboards Integrated Graphics

They are used in many laptops because it saves space and reduces power consumption for a full discrete video card. They have slow transfer rates when compared to dedicated cards and the display resolution can be limited by the electrical interfaces used on most laptops’ motherboards. However, they consume very little power resulting in longer battery life and improved heat dissipation from laptops if only using integrated graphics rather than external cards.

A motherboard’s integrated graphics chip may need its own power source or may share a power source with the CPU. It is usually located near to the RAM and away from more expensive components such as dedicated graphics cards which are often mounted on an expansion card. This makes sense because it reduces motherboard size by having most of the common circuitry co-located or by using electrical interfaces that carry fewer DisplayPort, DVI, HDMI or VGA signals which have higher data transfer rates than PCI Express (see External links).

The Intel HD Graphics series ranges from Gen 6 to Gen 9. The integrated GPU in newer chipsets used for desktops is typically Intel’s Iris Graphics and those for laptops are commonly called Intel HD Graphics except when they are used to accelerate the video decoding process used for Blu-ray and MPEG-4 HD video formats. These chips are popular among basic all-in-one PCs and entry-level workstations (see External links).

AMD’s integrated graphics use the name Radeon, with a codename identifying the generation: Evergreen is up to 4th Gen, Carrizo up to 6th Gen, and Raven Ridge up to 7th Gen (see External links). They don’t have separate names for laptops so you need to know what CPU your motherboard uses (it should say on its label) as well as how powerful it is in terms of GBPs (gigabytes per second of memory bandwidth) because AMD motherboards can support several types of RAM with different speeds.

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